Wednesday, April 11, 2018

Canadian Printings and the Ballantine Adult Fantasy Series


Initially I thought this particular topic of study was going to be more difficult than it turned out to be. There are some anomalies (like the Canadian printing of Dunsany’s King of Elfland’s Daughter that was distributed in England and in Canada, see here, scroll down to the second scan), but such anomalies turned out to be the exceptions rather than the rule. 

Basically, what seems to have happened is that as most of the titles were printed (or in some cases, reprinted) in the U.S., there were copies printed in Canada nearly simultaneously for the Canadian market. There may have been some legal necessity for this to do with place of printing. The U.S. and Canadian printings are virtually identical, save for the fact that the line on the U.S. copyright page that reads “Printed in the United States” has been removed and replaced with a line reading “Printed in Canada” (this line is often in a different font, and sometimes in italics).

I show one example here, for The Water of the Wondrous Isles by William Morris. First is the U.S. cover spread, and underneath that the Canadian one.  Below the covers is the U.S. copyright page, and finally the Canadian copyright page.

U.S. cover spread
Canadian cover spread
U.S. printing, copyright page
Canadian printing, copyright page
Thanks to Trevor Livelton and the long-time bookseller Grant Thiessen (of BookIT Inc., formerly Pandora’s Books) I can say that the bulk of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series had their own Canadian printings.  The following is a chronological list of the thirteen titles for which I currently have no confirmation of Canadian printings, plus one title with a Canadian printing associated with its U.S. Second printing. If any reader of this blog has any of the below titles in Canadian printing and can supply scans of the covers, title and copyright pages, I’ll be grateful. Contact me at nodens100 at gmail dot com.

Pratt, Fletcher. The Blue Star (US May 1969)
Morris, William. The Wood Beyond the World (US July 1969) [Note: There was a 
second US printing in January 1974, and there is a confirmed Canadian 
printing of the US second printing, with appropriate price and ISBN.]
Cabell, James Branch. The Silver Stallion (US August 1969)
Carter, Lin, ed. Dragons, Elves, and Heroes (US October 1969)
Carter, Lin, ed. The Young Magicians (US October 1969)
Bok, Hannes. The Sorcerer's Ship (US December 1969)
MacDonald, George. Phantastes (US April 1970)
Carter, Lin, ed. Golden Cities, Far (October 1970)
Chesterton, G. K. The Man Who Was Thursday (US July 1971)
Carter, Lin, ed. The Spawn of Cthulhu (US October 1971)
Bramah, Ernest. Kai Lung's Golden Hours (US April 1972)
Machen, Arthur. The Three Impostors (US June 1972)
Bramah, Ernest. Kai Lung Unrolls His Mat (US February 1974)
Dunsany, Lord. Over the Hills and Far Away (US April 1974) 

The possible reasons that there were no Canadian printings of these titles seem to be come down to two different situations.  The first being for reasons of copyright. Through at least the first half of the twentieth century it was common for Canadian publishing rights to be partnered with United Kingdom (or Commonwealth) rights.  By the 1960s this was changing.  The second situation might have something to do with the changes of ownership at Ballantine Books itself, and its relationship with publishing partners.

The copyright situation is perhaps the more easily discussed.  Grant Thiessen, as a bookseller in Canada in the 1970s, reports that the prevailing wisdom was that the Chesterton and the Machen titles were never distributed in Canada.  And neither were they distributed in the U.K, where copyright then existed for the life of the author plus 50 years.  Chesterton (who died in 1936) and Machen (who died in 1947) were still in copyright in the U.K., while the copyright situation in the U.S. was very different (based not on the author’s lifespan but the work’s year of publication, and subsequent renewals), leaving both The Man Who Was Thursday (originally published in 1908) and The Three Impostors (originally published in 1895) in the public domain in the U.S. The same situation is the case with the two books by Ernest Bramah (who died in 1942), Kai Lung’s Golden Hours (originally published in 1922) and Kai Lung Unrolls His Mat (originally published in 1928). It is worth noting that neither of the Bramah books had U.K. editions in the series. That covers four of the titles given above.

The remaining titles, or at least some of them, may have lacked Canadian editions due to changes in ownership and methods of management at Ballantine Books.  The firm was founded in 1952 by Ian and Betty Ballantine, but they sold it in October 1968 to Intext, the International Textbook Company of Scranton, Pennsylvania, in a deal by which Ian and Betty Ballantine remained in control. A number of the preliminary books published by Ballantine after Tolkien in 1965 and before the Adult Fantasy series proper began in May 1969, did have Canadian printings, but there were no further Canadian printings by Ballantine after the sale in October 1968, until they resumed printing operations in Canada sometime around the Spring of 1970 (April 1970 is the date of the first known Canadian printing of Cabell’s Figures of Earth). This might explain why some five or six books from 1969 have not been seen in contemporary Canadian printings. [For more on this, see the Appendix below.]

The 1974 Dunsany title Over the Hills and Far Away was the final title of the series (published two months, rather than the usual one month, after the previous book).  The series was probably cancelled by that time, and possibly a Canadian printing of the final title was nixed as well. The last known Canadian printing of the series is of the “Second Printing: January, 1974” of The Wood Beyond the World  by William Morris. 

MacDonald’s Phantastes and Carter’s The Spawn of Cthulhu don’t fit with either of the proposed scenarios.  Perhaps they had Canadian printings as yet unconfirmed, or perhaps they had different reasons for not being printed in Canada (e.g., Carter’s contract for The Spawn of Cthulhu may not have allowed for foreign sales; the book in fact did not have a U.K. edition). 


Appendix:

Another way to look at this is to consider all of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series titles published between April 1969 and June 1970, and consider what we know about Canadian printings: 
 
May 1969. The Blue Star, by Fletcher Pratt
June 1969. The King of Elfland's Daughter, by Lord Dunsany  [Canadian printing, 
            for the U.K. as well as Canada, dates from May 1971]
July 1969. The Wood Beyond the World, by William Morris [Known Canadian
            printing associated with the U.S. Second Printing of January 1974, which
            has a different price and ISBN from the July 1969 printing.]
August 1969. The Silver Stallion, by James Branch Cabell
September 1969. Lilith, by George MacDonald [Known Canadian printing 
             associated with the U.S. Second Printing of September 1973, which 
             has a different price and ISBN from the September 1969 printing.]
October 1969. Dragons, Elves, and Heroes, ed. by Lin Carter
October 1969. The Young Magicians, ed. by Lin Carter
November 1969. Figures of Earth, by James Branch Cabell [A later U.S. printing 
gives the date of April, 1970, for the first Canadian printing, which is five 
months after the first U.S. printing.  Thus April 1970 is the first attested 
date for any Canadian printing.]
December 1969. The Sorcerer's Ship, by Hannes Bok
January 1970. Land of Unreason, by Fletcher Pratt and L. Sprague de Camp 
            [Canadian printing attested but undated.]
February 1970. The High Place, by James Branch Cabell  [Canadian printing 
            attested but undated.]
March 1970. Lud-in-the-Mist, by Hope Mirrlees [Canadian printing attested 
            but undated.]
March 1970. At the Edge of the World, by Lord Dunsany [Canadian printing 
            attested but undated.]
April 1970. Phantastes, by George MacDonald
May 1970. The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath, by H. P. Lovecraft  
           [Canadian printing attested but undated.]
June 1970. Zothique, by Clark Ashton Smith  [Canadian printing attested but 
            undated.]

Wednesday, March 28, 2018

Pan/Ballantine editions of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy Series

[Updated 4/2/18] While Ballantine Books of New York published some seventy-ish titles in the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series of 1969-74, the British counterpart published only thirty-five of the titles.  The Pan/Ballantine Adult Fantasy series ran from 1971-1974.

Through a number of sources ranging from British Books in Print, Whitaker’s, and Books and Bookmen, to fanzine reviews and advertisements, I’ve come up with a complete list, and give it below in two formats, first chronologically, and second alphabetically by author. Pan/Ballantine editions did not usually state their publication month, so outside sources were vital to making the chronology.

For 1971, the first year of the association between Pan Books of London and Ballantine Books of New York, it was clearly a time of figuring out the details of the cooperative operation.  Ballantine opened a London office at 8 King Street, London, WC2.  This address is listed on the copyright page of the first books, with a notice of “UK Distributor: Pan Books Ltd.”  By March 1972, the Pan/Ballantine imprint was run out of Pan Book’s existing offices at 33 Tothill Street, London, S.W.1.

Most of the Pan/Ballantine editions (particularly after December 1971) were printed in the United Kingdom, but some early titles were printed in the U.S. and a few were printed in Canada for distribution in the U.K. One example printed in the U.S. is William Beckford’s Vathek (U.S. printing June 1971). Both the U.S. Printing and the separate Canadian printing of Vathek have Commonwealth prices on the rear cover. 

One example of copies printed in Canada for U.K. distribution is The Last Unicorn by Peter S. Beagle. Note the Commonwealth prices on the rear cover, and the unicorn masthead on both the front and rear covers.

The Pan logo first appears on the base of the spine with the May 1972 releases (both by Evangeline Walton), and thereafter became a fixture. 

Some titles listed here may be considered by some as not being officially a part of the U.S. Ballantine Adult Fantasy series, like the Beagle, Lindsay and Eddison volumes, for they preceded the series proper, though some later U.S. printings (as well as the U.K. ones) have the unicorn masthead on the covers. 

I am currently missing information on the early printings of Morris’s The Well at the World’s End, Volume I and Volume II,  and of Eddison’s The Worm Ouroboros.  I suspect these printings will have only the New York Ballantine imprint on the title page, and details on the copyright pages consistent with some of the other 1971 U.K. BAF editions.  One later book which I currently haven’t seen is probably much more straightforward in its imprint and printing information: Morris’s The Water of the Wondrous Isles. If any reader of this blog can supply scans of the covers, title and copyright pages of any of these UK editions, I’ll be grateful. Contact me at nodens100 at gmail dot com  

Last, I’d like to thank Trevor Livelton, Thos. Kent Miller, Dale Nelson, Jon Preece,  Grant Thiessen (of BookIT Inc, formerly Pandora’s Books), Richard Toogood, and Richard C. West, for help in sorting out these editions.  

Chronology

March 1971

Carter, Lin, ed. Dragons, Elves and Heroes. Ballantine Books, New York on title page. “Printed in the United Kingdom by Cox & Wyman” on copyright page.  Copyright page gives Ballantine address as “8 King Street, London W.C.2” with “UK Distributor: Pan Books, Ltd.”

Carter, Lin, ed. The Young Magicians. Ballantine Books, New York on title page. “Printed in the United Kingdom by Cox & Wyman” on copyright page. Copyright page gives Ballantine address as “8 King Street, London W.C.2” with “UK Distributor: Pan Books, Ltd.”

Morris, William. The Well at the World’s End Volume I. [not seen]. A second printing happened in 1972 [not seen] and a third printing in 1974 [not seen]

Morris, William. The Well at the World’s End Volume II. [not seen]. A second printing happened in 1972 [not seen] and a third printing in 1974 [not seen]

May 1971

Dunsany, Lord.  At the Edge of the World.  Ballantine Books, New York on title page. “Printed in Canada” on copyright page, which gives Ballantine’s New York address.  Commonwealth prices (no entry for Canada) are printed on the rear cover.
 Dunsany, Lord. The King of Elfland’s Daughter.  Ballantine Books, New York on title page. “Printed in Canada” on copyright page, which gives Ballantine’s New York address.  Commonwealth prices (including Canadian price) are printed on a white slip pasted to the lower right of the rear cover.

June 4th 1971
 Beckford, William. Vathek.  Ballantine Books, New York on title page. “Printed in the United State of America” on copyright page, which gives Ballantine’s New York address.  Commonwealth prices (no entry for Canada) are printed on the rear cover. The Canadian printing, with “Printed in Canada” on copyright stage, also with Commonwealth prices (no entry for Canada) printed on the rear cover.

Eddison, E.R. The Worm Ouroboros. Price should be 40p  [not seen]. A second printing happened in 1972 [not seen], with a price of 50p.  A “3rd printing 1973” (0-330- 23841-8) also had a price of 50p.  A “4th printing 1975” (same ISBN) raised the price to 75p.

Eddison, E.R. Mistress of Mistresses. Ballantine Books, New York on title page. “Printed in Canada” on copyright page.  “Cover printed in Canada” on rear cover. Commonwealth prices (no entry for Canada) are printed on the rear cover. The copyright page lists the Third Printing: May, 1968 as the latest printing, but this is clearly an unacknowledged Canadian printing made for distribution in the U.K. “Pan” as publisher, and the 1971 date of first U.K. publication, do not appear anywhere on the book. 

August 1971

Morris, William. The Wood Beyond the World. Ballantine Books Ltd., London and New York on title page. “First U.K. Printing: August, 1971” and “Printed in the United Kingdom” on copyright page. Copyright page gives Ballantine address as “8 King Street, London WC2E 8HS” with “Distribution: Pan Books, Ltd.” Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

September 1971

Beagle, Peter S.  The Last Unicorn. Ballantine Books Ltd., London and New York on title page. “First U.K. Printing: September, 1971” and “Printed in Canada” on copyright page. Copyright page gives Ballantine address as “8 King Street, London WC2E 8HS” with “Distributor: Pan Books, Ltd.” Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

December 1971

MacDonald, George.  Lilith. Ballantine Books, Limited, London and New York on title page. “First U.K. Printing: December, 1971” and “Printed in Canada” on copyright page. Copyright page gives Ballantine address as “8 King Street, London WC2E 8HS” with “Sales and Distribution: Pan Books, Ltd. 33 Tothill Street, London S.W. 1” Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

MacDonald, George.  Phantastes. Ballantine Books, Limited, London and New York on title page. “First U.K. Printing: December, 1971” and “Printed in Canada” on copyright page. Copyright page gives Ballantine address as “8 King Street, London WC2E 8 HS” with “Sales and Distribution: Pan Books, Ltd. 33 Tothill Street, London S.W. 1” Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

March 10th 1972
Lindsay, David.  A Voyage to Arcturus. “Pan/Ballantine, 33 Tothill Street, London, S.W.1” on title page. “Made and printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover. A second printing came out in 1974.

Morris, William. The Water of the Wondrous Isles. [not seen]

April 7th 1972

Cabell, James Branch.  The Cream of the Jest. “Pan/Ballantine, 33 Tothill Street, London, S.W.1” on title page. “Printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

Mirrlees, Hope.  Lud-in-the-Mist. “Pan/Ballantine, 33 Tothill Street, London, S.W.1” on title page. “Made and printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

May 1972
 Walton. The Island of the Mighty. “Pan/Ballantine, 33, Tothill Street, London, S.W.1” on title page. “Made and Printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover. Note the Pan logo on the base of the spine first appears on these May 1972 releases.

Walton. The Children of Llyr. “Pan/Ballantine, 33, Tothill Street, London, S.W.1” on title page. “Made and Printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

July 1972

Eddison, E.R. A Fish Dinner in Memison. “Pan/Ballantine, 33, Tothill Street, London, S.W.1” on title page. “Made and Printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

Eddison, E.R. The Mezentian Gate. “Pan/Ballantine, 33, Tothill Street, London, S.W.1” on title page. “Made and Printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

August 1972

Dunsany, Lord. Beyond the Fields We Know. “Pan/Ballantine, 33 Tothill Street, London, SW1” on title page. “Made and Printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.
Dunsany, Lord. Don Rodriguez: Chronicles of Shadow Valley. “Pan/Ballantine, 33 Tothill Street, London, SW1” on title page. “Printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

November 1972

Haggard, H. Rider and Andrew Lang. The World’s Desire. “Pan/Ballantine, 33 Tothill Street, London, S.W.1” on title page. “Made and printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

MacDonald, George.  Evenor. “Pan/Ballantine, 33, Tothill Street, London, S.W.1” on title page. “Made and printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

January 1973

Kurtz, Katherine. Deryni Rising. “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Printed by Cox & Wyman” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

Kurtz, Katherine.  Deryni Checkmate. “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Printed by Cox & Wyman” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

March 1973

Bok, Hannes. Beyond the Golden Stair.  “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Printed in Great Britain by Cox & Wyman” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

Bok, Hannes. The Sorcerer’s Ship. “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Printed in Great Britain by Cox & Wyman” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

June 1973

Hodgson, William Hope. The Night Land Volume I. “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Made and printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

Hodgson, William Hope. The Night Land Volume II. “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Made and printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

September 1973 [probably]

Ariosto, translated by Richard Hodgens. Orlando Furioso Volume I: The Ring of Angelica. “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Made and printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

December 7th 1973

Walton, Evangeline. The Song of Rhiannon.  “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Made and printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

February 1974

Carter, Lin, ed.  Discoveries in Fantasy.  “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover.

Hyne, C.J. Cutliffe [sic, for Cutcliffe]. The Lost Continent. “Pan/Ballantine” (no address) on title page. “Printed in Great Britain by Richard Clay” on copyright page.  Commonwealth prices (“Not for sale in Canada”) are printed on the rear cover. A second printing came out in 1974.



Alphabetically, by author:

Ariosto, translated by Richard Hodgens. Orlando Furioso Volume I: The Ring of
            Angelica. [c. September 1973]
Beagle, Peter S.  The Last Unicorn. [September 1971]
Beckford, William. Vathek. [June 1971]
Bok, Hannes. Beyond the Golden Stair. [March 1973]
Bok, Hannes. The Sorcerer’s Ship. [March 1973]
Cabell, James Branch.  The Cream of the Jest. [April 1972]
Carter, Lin, ed.  Discoveries in Fantasy. [February 1974]
Carter, Lin, ed. Dragons, Elves and Heroes. [March 1971]
Carter, Lin, ed. The Young Magicians. [March 1971]
Dunsany, Lord.  At the Edge of the World. [May 1971]
Dunsany, Lord. Beyond the Fields We Know. [August 1972]
Dunsany, Lord. Don Rodriguez: Chronicles of Shadow Valley. [August 1972]
Dunsany, Lord. The King of Elfland’s Daughter. [May 1971] 
Eddison, E.R. A Fish Dinner in Memison. [July 1972]
Eddison, E.R. The Mezentian Gate. [July 1972] 
Eddison, E.R. Mistress of Mistresses. [June 1971]
Eddison, E.R. The Worm Ouroboros. [June 1971]
Haggard, H. Rider and Andrew Lang. The World’s Desire. [November 1972]
Hodgson, William Hope. The Night Land Volume I. [June 1973]
Hodgson, William Hope. The Night Land Volume II. [June 1973]
Hyne, C.J. Cutliffe [sic, for Cutcliffe]. The Lost Continent. [February 1974]
Kurtz, Katherine.  Deryni Checkmate  [January 1973]
Kurtz, Katherine. Deryni Rising  [January 1973]
Lindsay, David.  A Voyage to Arcturus. [March 1972]
MacDonald, George.  Evenor. [November 1972]
MacDonald, George.  Lilith. [December 1971]
MacDonald, George.  Phantastes. [December 1971]
Mirrlees, Hope.  Lud-in-the-Mist. [April 1972]
Morris, William. The Water of the Wondrous Isles. [March 1972]
Morris, William. The Well at the World’s End Volume I. [March 1971]
Morris, William. The Well at the World’s End Volume II. [March 1971]
Morris, William. The Wood Beyond the World. [August 1971]
Walton. The Children of Llyr. [May 1972]
Walton. The Island of the Mighty. [May 1972]
Walton, Evangeline. The Song of Rhiannon. [December 1973]

Wednesday, March 21, 2018

James Branch Cabell in the Ballantine Adult Fantasy Series

Updated twice (3.22.18): Six volumes of writings by James Branch Cabell (1879-1958) appeared in the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series, published in the U.S. from 1969 through 1974.  They are, in sequence:
The Silver Stallion [originally published in 1926]
First U.S. Printing: August 1969 [Cover by Bob Pepper; Intro by Lin Carter]
Figures of Earth [originally published in 1921]
First U.S. Printing: November 1969 [Cover by Robert Pepper; Intro by Lin Carter]
The High Place [originally published in 1923]
First U.S. Printing: February 1970 [Cover by Frank C. Pape, illuminated by Donna
    Violetti; Intro by Lin Carter]
Something About Eve [originally published in 1927]
First Printing: March 1971 [Cover by Bob Pepper; Intro by Lin Carter]
 The Cream of the Jest [originally published in 1917]
First Printing: September 1971 [Cover by Brian Froud; Intro by Lin Carter]
Domnei  [originally published in 1920, including The Music from Behind the Moon, 1926]
First Printing: March 1972 [Cover by Brian Froude [sic]; Intro by Lin Carter]

Five of the six Cabell titles had Canadian printings in the 1970-72 era. The Canadian printings are undated, but details for a few titles are known: the second, Figures of Earth (printed in Canada in April 1970, five months after the U.S. printing in November 1969) and the sixth, Domnei (printed in Canada in April 1972, one month after the U.S. printing in March 1972). Other Canadian printings observed include The High Place, Something About Eve, and The Cream of the Jest.  The only Cabell title without a confirmed early Canadian printing is the first, The Silver Stallion. All six Cabell titles were reprinted in the U.S. by Ballantine / Del Rey in 1979.  These 1979 reprints were also issued in Canadian printings. The Canadian printings for both the 1970-72 era and 1979 reprints are distinguishable from the U.S. ones only by a "Printed in Canada" slug replacing the "Printed in the United States" on the copyright page.
Only one of the six had a U.K. Pan/Ballantine edition, and that was The Cream of the Jest (published by Pan/Ballantine on 7th April 1972, seven months after the U.S. printing). (Notice the Commonwealth prices added to the lower rear cover, as depicted above.)  Why was only one BAF Cabell published in the U.K.?  Probably because Tandem got to them first, for they released three Cabell mass market paperbacks in the U.K. in April 1971, all having introductions by James Blish.The three titles were The Silver Stallion, Figures of Earth, and Jurgen. 
 
Why didn't Jurgen, Cabell's most famous and arguably his best book, appear in the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series?  Probably because it was already in print in the U.S., by Avon, first printed in 1965 and in its third printing in 1967.
 
Note: The scans in this blog post have been shamelessly lifted (thanks Bill, thanks John) from The Silver Stallion: The James Branch Cabell Website, which is a fine site I recommend visiting and bookmarking. 
      And a thanks to Trevor Livelton for the information on Canadian printings.



Thursday, February 8, 2018

Some Oddities in the Ballantine Adult Fantasy Series

With the help of some friends, I've been trying to get a good handle on the British editions of the Ballantine Adult Fantasy series, published by Pan/Ballantine, and of the even-more-difficult-to-sort-out Canadian printings.  This post is sort of an in-progress report, with an appeal for help on certain titles. 

Between 1971 and 1974, Pan/Ballantine published British editions of some 35 books from the US list. Most of these, particularly after 1971, are easily identified, for the Pan logo is noticeable at the base of the spine.  But the earlier titles, especially those in 1971, are less easy to differentiate from the US editions.  In fact, some of the editions sold in the UK were actually printed in Canada.  Here's one example, the UK edition of Lord Dunsany's King of Elfland's Daughter, published in May 1971:

It looks basically like the US edition, but with Commonwealth prices printed on a white label that is pasted to the lower right on the back cover.  Though the title page says only "Ballantine Books" (i.e., not Pan, who is not mentioned anywhere in the book), the copyright page has another clue:
The only difference here from the US edition is the line reading "Printed in Canada."  No date is given, but it clearly was printed for the May 1971 British release (and also sold in Canada). Several of the other books I have seen that have the "Printed in Canada" line were also sold in the UK, but depending on how the rights had been handled, some of these books (unlike King of Elfland's Daughter) have an explicit statement on the cover that this edition is "Not for sale in Canada." Here's one example, the 1972 Pan/Ballantine edition of Lud-in-the-Mist:
Each book in the UK series has a potentially different scenario. The simplest way to identify the UK editions seems to be the presence of some Commonwealth prices on the rear covers.  At present, there are a handful of title for which I'm still seeking information.  If anyone has the UK versions of the following titles (i.e., with the Commonwealth prices on the rear), and is willing to share information and perhaps even scans, please contact me at nodens100 at gmail dot com. The titles are as follows:

William Morris. The Well at the World's End volume 1 [UK March 1971]
William Morris. The Well at the World's End volume 2 [UK March 1971]
E.R. Eddison. The Worm Ouroboros [UK June 1971, priced 40p]
E.R. Eddison. The Worm Ouroboros [UK 2nd printing, priced 50p]
George MacDonald. Lilith [UK December 1971]
William Morris. The Water of the Wondrous Isles [UK March 1972]

Once I get the UK list more fully sorted out, I'll post it at this blog.

Last, here's another anomaly I found.  The cover art to The World's Desire by H. Rider Haggard and Andrew Lang is credited on the copyright page of the January, 1972, US edition as by Vincent di Fate [sic].  The  Pan/Ballantine edition, published November 1972, has no artist credit.  Here's the cover of the US edition:
And here is the cover for the UK edition.  Note the Pan logo at the bottom of the spine, and the Commomwealth prices at the top right of the rear cover (with "Not for sale in Canada"). This Pan/Ballantine edition also has a different ISBN from the US edition:
The art is not actually by Vincent Di Fate, but by Mati Klarwein. The art (flipped left-to-right) is titled "Astral Body Asleep" and dates from 1968.  I reproduce it below, but encourage a visit to the artist's (annoyingly designed) website, where it doesn't seem possible to give a direct URL to "Image 15 of 135"